It's my pleasure to introduce another one of the 156 nations to you: The Republic of Genoa.
The Republic of Genoa was an independent state and a maritime republic since the 11th century on the northwest coast of currently known Italy, incorporating Corsica and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. There were many other maritime republics in the Mediterranean region, among which Venice, Pisa and Amalfi. From the 10th century, they built fleets of ships both for their own protection and to support extensive trade networks across the Mediterranean, giving them an essential role in reestablishing contacts between Europe, Asia and Africa, which had been interrupted during the early Middle Ages. These contacts were not only commercial but also cultural and artistic.
The maritime republics, although of modest territorial size, have developed a tight trade tradition, allowing them to prosper without dependency on greater nations. The Most Serene Republic of Genoa, also known as “la Superba” (the Superb one) or “la Dominante” (the Dominant one), made no exception: its trade network once contained a vast territory of colonies, spanning from the coasts of Corsica, crossing the Aegean archipelago up to the Crimean peninsula and the Sea of Azov. Such a huge network of commercial colonies made Genoa one of the main trade hubs in the Mediterranean Sea. But in 1750 most of the former colonies were lost and Genoa was on a slow decline.
The riches from the thriving trade have also led Genoa to establish itself at European level as a city of bankers, committed to giving loans to other nations of the old world since the 15th century when the Banco di San Giorgio was established back in 1407. Charles V himself remained indebted to the Genoese bank for almost all of his reign.
But the wealth of the Republic does not lie just in gold or seafaring skills: the production and export of paper and textile products as well as fine wines and spices, imported from distant colonies and sold all over Europe, is vital for the Genoese economy.
Although Genoa still presented a strong naval presence at sea, the Republic has often found itself forced to defend its borders from threats on the mainland, as in the case of its participation in the War of the Austrian Succession. On this occasion, Genoa was forced to fight to safeguard its territorial integrity. In fact, during the Treaty of Worms in 1743, Queen Maria Theresa of Hungary ceded her rights over the Marquisate of Finale Ligure (territory of the Republic of Genoa), to Carlo Emanuele III, King of Sardinia. The long war ended in 1748 and resulted in a victory for Genoa: Carlo Emanuele III reconfirmed Genoese sovereignty over the Marquisate of Finale: the Republic managed to preserve its borders. Despite the victory, the small Italian nation became aware of the need to organize a defensive network of fortifications to better defend the territory.
The people of Genoa are mostly Catholic and loyal to the Church of Rome, but the Republic also hosts some minorities such as Muslims and members of the Orthodox Church.
This introduction was written with the research and suggestions of @jack-aubrey. Thank you for your time and effort!
If you have historic expertise and would like to contribute to Rulers of the Sea in any way, please join our History Network.
The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.
Stunning! Thank you for letting me contribute to the project!
Again I love the work, Annie! Great contribution also, Jack.
I have a few questions (for Jack?).
I think Genoa was on the decline since the 17th century, so in the game it would have been over its peak and lost most of its colonies. It also had colonies in Tunis that it lost. And the Barbary states were involved in piracy and I think they captured many Genoese ships and enslaved the sailors at that time. Of course in the game that can all change. But historically was Genoa in 1750 still a strong enough power to stand up to the Barbary States? They were already muscled out of the Black Sea by the Ottomans and recently lost their North African colonies.
I quote: "Reports of Barbary raids and kidnappings of those in Italy, Spain, France, Portugal, England, Netherlands, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and as far north as Iceland exist from between the 16th to the 19th centuries. It is estimated that between 1 million and 1.25 million Europeans were captured by pirates and sold as slaves in Tunis, Algiers and Tripoli during this time period." These were essentially 'white slaves'. I always find that interesting, because we often look at slavery today as a 'racial issue', which makes sense when you look at certain parts of the world. But it was definitely more complex in 1750.
I always wondered how a nation like Genoa dealt with this? As their people were a large percentage of these slaves, I think. I recently read a book about Edward Pellew (Admiral Viscount Exmouth), whom in 1814 still, secured the release of 3040 Christian slaves from the Barbary states (in several actions). Most were from the various Italian states. He achieved this with an Anglo/Dutch fleet. At this time the Genoese Republic had been gone for about 20 years (and was, in that year, re-established for a very short time).
This is all more than 60 years after the game. But how was Genoa standing up against the Barbary States at this time?
And also, how was their competition with Venice going? Venice still held considerable colonies in 1750, although they were also on the decline. But I think Genoa and Venice were old rivals, how was that in 1750?
But I must say I think Genoa is a very interesting nation in the game with a lot of opportunity and a very strategic position.
"Spies cannot be usefully employed without a certain intuitive sagacity." Sun Tzu
@king-george-ii I'll gladly leave answering those (very interesting!) questions to Jack or other experts on Genoa.
The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.
@king-george-ii Complicated subject, I'll try to give you an answer.
About the first question about genoese strength in facing barbary treath: yes, they were fully able to face incursions from the south, even in mid 18th century. Bare in mind that Genoa still holds the natural fortress of Corsica which, by the way, posesses the same coastline as Liguria: narrow coast often embraced by mountains. This made defense, expecially coastal defence, very easy for Genoa. If you ever been in Corsica you may have noticed the presence of many coastal towers built near shores and up on cliffs to prevent incursions all through the coastline. This aspect may seems insufficent but it was a key factor for Genoa.
Another key factor is the geographical distribution of the island compared to continental lands in Liguria: Corsica is straigth down the Ligurian sea making genoese holdings pretty stretched down south. This may appear weird to you, but the fact that such a long line of coast is distributed in a vast area made so that watchtowers were able to warn defences well in advance to dispatch naval patrols.
All this of course doesn't mean Barbary States weren't a real treath to Genoa. Many incursions occurred over time and still northern african states were one of the most dangerous opponents.
Speaking of the rivalry between Genoa and Venice, suffice to say that both of the nations were facing a slow and constant decline. In early 18th century, Venice faced the last war with Ottomans with the result of losing several holdings in the east, that forcing the state to reduce his navy to sustain war effort. On the other hand, with the war of Austrian Succession in 1740, Genoa was forced to defend national territories on land. Venice didn't even took part to the conflict.
Enough to say that, in mid 1700, both of the nations suffered such a major crisys that it was not worth anymore for them to jump to each other's throat!
Very interesting. I overlooked the importance of Corsica. Maybe in the game the smaller European Mediterranean naval nations will find each other in an alliance. It strikes me that these are some of the most colourful and romantic nations in the game, but in 1750, all in relative decline. They missed the boat on worldwide expansion, while it seems to me that in an alliance, they should be able to re-write that history. And maybe also liberate Greece from the Ottoman Empire?
"Spies cannot be usefully employed without a certain intuitive sagacity." Sun Tzu
While I agree about Corsica concerning the coastal defenses, I have to say that Genoa had a really bad control of it since 1730. Meaning Corsica was in constant rebellion against Genoa and it was costing them huge amounts of money to pacify the isle and weren't able to achieve that. Therefore not so sure about the power of Genoa anymore at the time.
"Il n'y a qu'un pas du fanatisme à la barbarie." Denis Diderot (1713-1784) - There's only one step from fanaticism to barbarism.
"Parce qu'un homme sans mémoire est un homme sans vie, un peuple sans mémoire est un peuple sans avenir." Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929) - Because a man without memory is a man without life, a people without memory is a people without a future.
"Dieu a inventé le Parisien pour que les étrangers ne puissent rien comprendre aux Français." Alexandre Dumas (1824-1895) - God invented the Parisians so that foreigners could not understand anything about the French.
Maybe there should be a union of republics. The United Provinces, Genoa, Venice, all very much about trade and banking.
Long live the Dutch Republic.
Thanks for the summary. I appreciate the Italian states and their great stories. I also practice Italian knife fencing schools and I go to Italy regularly. Being French-speaking I would certainly play France to start, but who knows maybe once my experience is done, I will join an Italian state. After all the Swiss are known for selling their skills as soldiers 🤣
March 1, 2020
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We process your Personal Data in the following ways:
Through your use of the Rulers of the Sea Services – when you use the Rulers of the Sea Services, we collect Personal Data about your use of the Rulers of the Sea Services such as your email address, date of birth, gender and country;
Personal Data collected that enables us to provide you with additional features/functionalities – from time to time, you also may provide us with additional Personal Data or give us your permission to collect additional Personal Data e.g. to provide you with more features or functionalities. As described further below (see Voluntary Data), we will not collect photos, precise mobile device location, voice data, or contacts from your device without your prior consent. You always will have the option to change your mind and withdraw your consent at any time.
In general, we use log files to monitor traffic on our Website and to troubleshoot technical problems. In the event of user abuse of our Website, we may block certain IP addresses.
We (will) use anonymised and aggregated information to optimize your experience of the Rulers of the Sea Services but also for purposes that include testing our IT systems, research, data analysis, creating marketing and promotion models, improving the Rulers of the Sea Services, and developing new features and functionality within the Rulers of the Sea Services.
In addition to Sections 5.1 and 5.2, if we reasonably suspect that any of the Rulers of the Sea Services or your Account is being or has been misused, including without limitation, by virtue of any:
Deadeye Games B.V. may collect further Personal Data and Non-Personal Data to verify or refute such suspicions within the limits of applicable law and taking into account your reasonable data protection interests. We will use this Data to comply with applicable law and enforce our rights under civil and penal law against the respective users.
Optionally you may choose to send crash reports or contact Customer Support for any technical and commercial issues.
In addition to the data collected in Sections 5.1 to 5.3 above, the data provided by you may include:
The collection of the data set out in this Section 5.4 is not mandatory. However, we might not be able to fix bugs or handle the technical and commercial issues you have without this data. For legal reasons this information will be stored as long as your account remains open and for the applicable statues of limitations thereafter.
We have set out in the tables below the categories of Personal Data we collect and process about you:
|Categories of Personal Data||Description of category|
|Account Registration Data and Commercial transaction||This is the Personal Data that is provided by you or collected by us to enable you to sign up for and use the Rulers of the Sea Services. This includes your email address, date of birth, gender and country.|
Some of the Personal Data we will ask you to provide is required in order to create your account such as account ID, login ID, display name, password, community moniker, user handle, and referral code. You also have the option to provide us with some additional Personal Data in order to make your account more personalized such as birth date.
The exact Personal Data we will collect depends on the type of Rulers of the Sea Services you sign up for (paid or non-paid).
Personal data collected through your use of the Rulers of the Sea Services
|Categories of Personal Data||Description of category|
|Rulers of the Sea Service Usage Data||This is the Personal Data that is collected about you when you are using the Rulers of the Sea Services – this may include:|
|Categories of Personal Data||Description of category|
|Voluntary Mobile Data||In addition to the mobile data we collect to provide you with the Rulers of the Sea Services (outlined above), you also have the option to give us your consent to collect additional Personal Data from your (mobile) device to provide you with features/functionalities that will enhance your Rulers of the Sea Services experiences.|
We will not access any of the Personal Data listed below without first obtaining your consent:
|Payment Data||We may collect such Personal Data if you sign up for a Trial or purchase any of our Paid Subscriptions (as defined in the Terms of Services) or make other purchases through the Rulers of the Sea Services. The exact personal data collected will vary depending on the payment method (e.g. direct via your mobile phone carrier or by invoice) but will include information such as:|
|Marketing Data||This Personal Data is used to enable Deadeye Games B.V. (and our partners / service providers) to send you marketing communications either:|
You can find out more about the Personal Data collected and the controls you have in relation to the marketing communications you receive via the Privacy Center.
When you use or interact with the Rulers of the Sea Services, we use a variety of technologies to process the personal data we collect about you for various reasons. We have set out in the table below the reasons why we process your personal data, the associated legal bases we rely upon to legally permit us to process your personal data, and the categories of personal data (identified in Section 6 ‘What personal data do we collect from you?’) used for these purposes:
|Description of why Rulers of the Sea processes your Personal Data (‘processing purpose’)||Legal Basis for the processing purpose||Categories of Personal Data used by Rulers of the Sea for the processing purpose|
|To provide, personalize, and improve your experience with the Rulers of the Sea Service and other services and products provided by Deadeye Games B.V., for example by providing customized, personalized, or localized content, features, and advertising on or outside of the Rulers of the Sea Services (including for third party products and services).|
|To understand how you access and use the Rulers of the Sea Services to ensure technical functionality of the Rulers of the Sea Services, develop new products and services, and analyse your use of the Rulers of the Sea Services, including your interaction with applications, advertising, products, and services that are made available, linked to, or offered through the Rulers of the Sea Services.|
|To communicate with you for Rulers of the Sea Services-related purposes.|
|To process your payment to prevent or detect fraud including fraudulent payments and fraudulent use of the Rulers of the Sea Service.|
|To communicate with you, either directly or through one of our partners, for:|
via emails, notifications, or other messages, consistent with any permissions you may have communicated to us (e.g., through your Account Settings page).
|To provide you with features, information, advertising, or other content which is based on your specific location.|
If you require further information about the balancing test that Rulers of the Sea has undertaken to justify its reliance on the legitimate interest legal basis under GDPR, please see Section 15 ‘How to contact us’ for further details on how to contact us.
The following Personal Data will always be publicly available on the Rulers of the Sea Services: your ID and/or username and potentially a profile picture.
The following personal data will only be shared with the categories of recipients outlined in the table below if:
|Categories of Recipients||Reason for sharing|
|Support Community||When you register for Rulers of the Sea Support Account on the Rulers of the Sea Support Community, we will ask you to create a specific Rulers of the Sea Support Community username. This will be publicly displayed to anyone who accesses the Rulers of the Sea Support Community along with any questions or comments you post.|
|Your Rulers of the Sea Followers||There also may be times when you want us to share certain Service Usage Data, specifically information about your use of Rulers of the Sea, with other Rulers of the Sea users known as ‘Your Rulers of the Sea Followers’.|
Learn more about how to manage notifications, your publicly available information, and what you share with others in the ‘Your rights and your preferences: Giving you choice and control’ Section 4 of this Policy and on the Privacy Center.
|Categories of Recipients||Reason for sharing|
|Service Providers and Others||We may use technical service providers which operate the technical infrastructure that we need to provide the Rulers of the Sea Services; in particular providers which host, store, manage, and maintain the Rulers of the Sea application.|
We may use technical service providers to help us communicate with you, as described in Section 7 of this Policy.
We use marketing (and advertising partners) to show you more tailored content, or to help us understand your use of the Rulers of the Sea Services, to provide you with a better experience. We also may share Personal Data with certain marketing and advertising partners to send you promotional communications about Rulers of the Sea.
|Rulers of the Sea Partners||We might share your Personal Data in a pseudonymised format with marketing partners who help us with promotional efforts and with advertisers that allow us to offer a free service.|
|Academic Researchers||We may share your Personal Data for activities such as statistical analysis and academic study but only in a pseudonymised format.|
|Other Rulers of the Sea Group Companies||We might share your Personal Data with other Deadeye Games B.V. Group Companies to carry out our daily business operations and to enable us to maintain and provide the Rulers of the Sea Services to you.|
|Law Enforcement and Data Protection Authorities||We will share your Personal Data when we in good faith believe it is necessary for us to do so in order to comply with a legal obligation under applicable law, or respond to valid legal process, such as a search warrant, a court order, or a subpoena.|
We also will share your personal data where we in good faith believe that it is necessary for the purpose of our own, or a third party’s legitimate interest relating to national security, law enforcement, litigation, criminal investigation, protecting the safety of any person, or to prevent death or imminent bodily harm, provided that we deem that such interest is not overridden by your interests or fundamental rights and freedoms requiring the protection of your Personal Data.
We keep your Personal Data only as long as necessary to provide you with the Rulers of the Sea Service and for legitimate and essential business purposes, such as maintaining the performance of the Deadeye Games Services, making data-driven business decisions about new features and offerings, complying with our legal obligations, and resolving disputes. We keep some of your Personal Data for as long as you are a user of the game.
If you request, we will delete or anonymise your Personal Data so that it no longer identifies you, unless, we are legally allowed or required to maintain certain Personal Data, including situations such as the following:
Deadeye Games B.V. might share your Personal Data globally with other companies in the Deadeye Games B.V. Group in order to carry out the activities specified in this Policy. Deadeye Games B.V. may also subcontract processing to, or share your Personal Data with, third parties located in countries other than your home country. Your personal data, therefore, may be subject to privacy laws that are different from those in your country of residence.
Personal Data collected within the European Union and Switzerland may, for example, be transferred to and processed by third parties located in a country outside of the European Union and Switzerland. In such instances Deadeye Games B.V. will ensure that the transfer of your Personal Data is carried out in accordance with applicable privacy laws and, in particular, that appropriate contractual, technical, and organizational measures are in place such as the Standard Contractual Clauses approved by the EU Commission.
For further details of the security measures we use to protect your Personal Data, please see the ‘Keeping your personal data safe’ Section 12 of this Policy.
We may display advertisements from third parties and other content that links to third-party websites. We cannot control or be held responsible for third parties’ privacy practices and content. If you click on a third-party advertisement or link, please understand that you are leaving the Rulers of the Sea Service and any Personal Data you provide will not be covered by this Policy. Please read their privacy policies to find out how they collect process and protect your Personal Data.
We are committed to protecting our users’ Personal Data. We implement appropriate technical and organisational measures to help protect the security of your Personal Data; however, please note that no system is ever completely secure. We have implemented various policies including pseudonymisation, encryption, access, and retention policies to guard against unauthorized access and unnecessary retention of Personal Data in our systems.
Your password protects your user account, so we encourage you to use a unique and strong password, limit access to your computer and browser, and log out after having used the Rulers of the Sea Services.
The Rulers of the Sea Services are not directed to children under the age of 13 years. However, in some countries, stricter age limits may apply under local law. Please see our Terms of Services for further details.
We do not knowingly collect Personal Data from children under 13 years or under the applicable age limit (the “Age Limit”). If you are under the Age Limit, please do not use the Rulers of the Sea Services, and do not provide any Personal Data to us.
If you are a parent of a child under the Age Limit and become aware that your child has provided Personal Data to Rulers of the Sea, please contact us using the form on the Privacy Center, and you may request exercise of your applicable rights detailed in the ‘Your rights and your preferences: Giving you choice and control’ Section 4 of this Policy.
If we learn that we have collected the Personal Data of a child under the age of 13 years, we will take reasonable steps to delete the Personal Data. This may require us to delete the Rulers of the Sea account for that child.
We will occasionally update this Policy. When we make material updates to this Policy, we will provide you with prominent notice as appropriate under the circumstances, e.g., by displaying a prominent notice within the Rulers of the Sea Services or by sending you an email.
Please, therefore, make sure you read any such notice carefully. Annually this Policy will be reviewed for accuracy and changes in GDPR. If no material changes are made, you will not be notified.
If you want to find out more about this Policy and how Deadeye Games B.V. uses your Personal Data, please visit the Privacy Center on RulersoftheSea.com to find out more.
Deadeye Games BV is the data processor for the purposes of the personal data processed under this Policy.